The authors reassess the effect of minimum wages on US earnings inequality using additional decades of data and an IV strategy that addresses potential biases in prior work. They find that the minimum wage reduces inequality in the lower tail of the wage distribution, though by substantially less than previous estimates, suggesting that rising lower tail inequality after 1980 primarily reflects underlying wage structure changes rather than an unmasking of latent inequality. These wage effects extend to percentiles where the minimum is nominally nonbinding, implying spillovers. They are unable to reject that these spillovers are due to reporting artifacts, however.
Determinants of Job Quality
The Contribution of the Minimum Wage to US Wage Inequality over Three Decades: A Reassessment
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics